Knowing the different palm tree fungal diseases, symptoms and treatments are an important part of keeping your tropical paradise healthy and happy.
There a few important ones you'll need to to know how to watch for.
The fungal disease known as ganoderma butt rot can attack
every kind of palm. It is a hard one to spot if you don’t know what to look
for. Your tree will more than likely look totally healthy right up to its
A key factor to watch for is a spongy type of growth, whitish in color growing at or near the base of the palm, often called the butt of the tree. It will almost look like an expanded marshmallow.
This growth is just the beginning sign. This palm tree fungal disease feeds on the wood inside the palm, so it really kills it from the inside out. It makes the remaining wood rot and turns it into a spongy texture.
The mature growth will look sort of like a sea shell, have stripes and be brownish in color. The growth is called a conk and once mature, it will break open to spread the fungus spores by way of water and air.
Then any other palm tree in a fairly large area could be
affected. If you spot a growth, remove it
immediately. Wrap it in an airtight bag
or container and dispose of it. Unfortunately the tree it came from may have to be destroyed also
to prevent the spread of the fungus to others in the area.
Both photos by: Monica Elliott, University of Florida, Bugwood.org creative commons photo license
This fungus, as with many others, will live in the soil for quite some time. Best practice is not to plant any other palm tree in the same spot. If you do it is likely to develop the same disease all over again.
There are a couple different palm tree fungal diseases that will attack the palms leaves. They are know now as a leaf spot fungus.
Younger palms or a tree that is stressed by inadequate drainage are at a much higher risk of infection than a mature healthy one.
The symptoms of these fungi are the developing of spots on the leaves, as you may have already guessed. They will range in color from yellow to brown or black depending on which type your palm has.
Monica Elliott, University of Florida, Bugwood.org
The treatment for all are about the same, and which type you may have depends a lot on which area of the world you are from.
are more prominent in some areas than others.
Best cure is to fix the drainage problem first so your palm isn't getting too much water in the root area. Then treat the leaves with a fungicide from your local nursery.
Once treated and drainage addressed the fungus shouldn't return.
This palm tree fungal disease usually hits in wet, warm weather. It lives in the soil and likes to strike during these conditions. If your climate is like this anytime, not just during the summer, best to keep an eye out for this one.
You’ll notice the new leaf has a brownie, yellowish color to it before it even unrolls. It won’t look healthy and will likely wilt before or just after it unrolls. This fungus attacks the new leaf first, or bud, causing it to rot then moves to the next newest ones discoloring and rotting them.
Treat with a fungicide when you first notice any signs.
Ask your local nursery which one is best and drench the bud, or new growth in it. It may take a few applications to kill all the fungus.
Florida Division of Plant Industry Archive, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org
If the new leaf spear pulls out easily it may be too late to save the tree. It will depend just how deep the fungus has gone into the bud.
If the next new developing leaves are still green inside the heart and treated early enough it may bounce back.
We learned on the page about palm tree pests, that this palm tree fungal disease likes to feed on the honeydew that is produced by a few sucking insects like aphids, or mealy bugs.
The sucking insects eat your palm's leaves then excrete the honeydew this fungus likes to eat.
This one is easy to spot because it leaves a black colored, powder like substance on the leaves.
Treatment begins with getting rid of or a better control of the insects that produce its food source (the honeydew).
After treating for these sucking insects, you should be able to wash the powder off your palm quite easily.
The mold itself is not feeding or attacking the leaves
itself, but it doesn’t have the greatest healthiest look on the leaves.
I would think that it may block some of the necessary sunlight and hinder the leaves absorption of the nutrients the tree gets from the air depending on just how many of the plants leaves are affected.
This is a few of the palm tree fungal diseases most commonly found. There are more with some of the same kind of symptoms and treatments that are similar to the ones listed.
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