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Cold Hardy Palm Trees

There are more varieties of cold hardy palm trees than you may think. There are kinds that can withstand below freezing temperatures and snow.

Some survive as far north as Ireland, Britain, Vancouver- Canada, even the Alaskan panhandle.

There are many palms that will survive a short time below the freezing point.

Not nearly as many that can withstand longer periods of colder temperatures.

Here’s where you’ll find the list of palms that will  plus just how cold it can get for each one. 

Palm Tree Covered in SnowSnow covered palm tree

There's 3 categories:

Cold

These cold hardy palm trees will survive in temps from 25-28°F.

If it's going to be a bit colder than that you can protect them by covering-especially the the crown or heart where the new growth develops.


Bismarck: The blue fan leaf variety is cold tolerant to 25°F, green leaf to 28°F, and beautiful landscape specimen.

Dwarf bamboo palm:  lows to 25°F, small size, usually has trunk under-ground, great for indoors or containers, shade loving

Fan Palm Tree Leaves Covered in SnowSnow covered palm leaves

CC  Image Credit: Dimatar  Marinov

Chinese fan palm: minimum to 25°F, large single trunk, and green fan leaves with tips that hang like ribbons. They are widely used in containers when they are young.

Brazilian needle or spiny fiber palm: lows to 28°F, medium size, single trunk, deep green on top, silvery looking underneath leaves,-prefers cool nights and moist climates.

Chilean wine palm lows to 28°F, survives even lower in native habitat, slow growing, massive feather leaf palm, becoming more popular for lining streets

Lady Palm:  temps to 25°F, bright green leaves, multi trunk, and shade loving palm works well in containers or a privacy screen.

Piccabeen or bangalow  palm a member of the king palm family is the most cold hardy of all the trees with feather leaves and a crownshaft.  Tolerates temps down to 28°F

Blue Hesper palm tree:  or (Mexican Blue Fan) 25°F, drought tolerant-loves arid dry conditions, blue fan leaves, single trunk ornamental flower display.

Mexican fan palm: minimum 25°F in dry growing conditions, large single trunk tree with bright green fan leaves. It is best suited in large spaces.

Blue Hesper Palm Tree - Medium

Mule palm:  a cold hardy palm tree that is a hybrid cross of the queen and Pindo. Temps to 25°F, feather leaf color will vary from green to silver depending on parents. Nice red flowers, but the fruit is inedible.

Puerto Rican hat palm: 25°F, fairly large, single massive size trunk, deep green to bluish green fan leaves. It grows best in moist environments.

Pindo palm: temps to 25°F. Displays beautiful feather leaves in green or silvery blue, ornamental trunk, red flowers and great fruit producer.

Butia capitata (Butia odorata)

The photo is of a Pindo palm in Preston England.


grass and trees

Colder

This list of cold hardy palm trees can withstand temps from 20-24°F.

If your location gets colder, then you may consider having a few in containers so they can be brought inside in the winter months. Photo is of windmill palms in Vancouver BC.

Cabbage palm:   Sabal palmetto 22°F, deep green fan leaves, single trunk, gets to be a large tree

California or desert fan:  down to 22°F in desert growing environments, suited for large spaces, khaki green fan leaves

Miniature Chusan Palm Tree - Medium

Dwarf palmetto:  low to 20° F, small multi underground trunks, makes great undercover or shrub

Windmill:  (Chinese windmill) minimum temp  down to 22°F, single trunk, large green fan leaf display, medium size tree

Miniature Chusan palm ( also known as a windmill palm):    22°F, single trunk, medium size tree, very stiff deep cut green fan leaves, loves cooler night time temps.

Saw palmetto: 22°F, spiky looking, green to blue to silver fan leaves, and liking part shade it’s great as a shrub under other trees.

Needle Palm: 20° F, multi trunk, slow growing, fan palm with needle like spines and a fiber coating on trunk.Part shade is best and as an accent to larger plants.

Slender lady palm: 22°F, multi trunk, deeply divided fan leaves, loves shade and is also great for pots indoors in low light conditions.

Hardy bamboo: lows to 23 °F, small tree and trunk, clumping variety with feathery green leaves, great indoors or in containers, needs lots of shade

Mazari palm  :has deeply divided triangular shaped fan leaves and is a clustering variety. It grows only 12 feet tall, is drought tolerant and with stand temp down to 22-28°F

Coldest- Cold Hardy Palm Trees

These are 2 very special cold hardy palm trees. In a class all their own tolerating temps from 13-19°F.

Blue needle palm: The most cold tolerant of all palms, temp to 13°F, Beautiful gray/ blue spiky fan shaped leaves, small multi trunk specimen.

Mediterranean or European fan palm: lows to 16°F, small to medium multi trunk. Leaves can range in color from silvery/blue to bluish green to an olive green. It has a beautiful display shape and very popular for landscapes.

Palm fans

The plant called a yucca is often mistaken as one of the cold hardy palm trees.

It isn't in the same family but it can still accent your yard the same as a palm would.

The beaked yucca is cold hardy to 20°F and the blue yucca to 15°F. They are a popular addition to gardens further north.

It has a single trunk, grows 10 plus feet tall and is drought tolerant too. Careful they also have some sharp edges.

Beaked Yucca - Medium plant

No matter how cold hardy your palms are--there might come a time you will need to do some extra preparing.

Taking some extra precautions will ensure your trees aren't damaged by temperatures below their normal tolerance levels.

Buying any of these cold hardy palm trees can now help you plan for a tropical look to your backyard paradise.

Even if you didn't think you had the climate to go with it!

More to learn on palm trees

  • Medium Palm Trees for Landscapes

    Some of the most popular for landscapes are the medium palm trees. Consider these for canopy shade, privacy screen or focal point plantings

  • Small Palm Trees for Landscapes

    Small palm trees are the perfect addition to ensure your landscape has that tropical feel. Which one will you choose for your little slice of paradise?

  • Large Palm Trees for Landscapes

    There are many majestic looking large palm trees you could use in your landscape. Some are perfect as a centerpiece display, or to line laneways

I'm Darla the creator of Palm Tree Passion.

I hope you have enjoyed your visit.

Creator of Palm Tree PassionDarla
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