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Date Palm Tree


Date Palm Orchard In South Africa


The date palm tree is highly versatile. 

They are beautiful looking-making it terrific in landscapes and super fruit producer for commercial production.

There a couple of popular varieties to discuss.

All are of the feather leaf type, have spines growing along the stems and produce edible fruits.

The True or edible date, the Senegal, and the Silver are all popular choices for your backyard paradise.


True or Edible Date

This palm is likely native to the Middle East who is the largest of all date producers.

 

The fruits from these trees and some of its many different varieties are found in grocery stores around the world.

When used in date production or to line streets, the suckers are removed to create a single tree.

They have beautiful silver blue feather leaves.

Date Palm Tree Orchard

When planted in landscapes they look the best with 3 or more trees growing in a clump at varying heights. They arc away from each other in a gorgeous display.  

Although drought tolerant they do best with regular watering and feeding. Use a fertilizer with potassium as they are sometimes subject to a deficiency.

They can be slightly prone to lethal yellowing and fusarium wilt, but insect pests are not a problem.


Date Palm Tree - Medium

Quick Info:   True date

scientific name Phoenix dactylifera

  • 60 plus ft tall, 20 ft wide and multi trunk
  • Minimum temp 25°F   zones 8-11
  • Growth: medium to slow
  • Full sun and drought tolerant
Date Palm Tree full of  Fruit Waiting to Ripen
Date Palm Tree from Israel.

Date Palm v. Medjool - Large Palm Tree - $1,399.95

This date palm tree is more commonly referred to by it's variety name, Medjool Palm. It's long botanical name is Phoenix Dactylifera Medjool Palm. Phoenix is the species, Dactylifera is the genus, and Medjool is the Variety. This palm is also scientifically spelled and referenced as Phoenix dactylifera v. medjool; notice the lower case v. Variety is noted with a lower case v. and a period to identify Variety. There are many varieties in the genus, for example the True Date, Barhi, Deglet Noor, and Zahidi. The Deglet Noor and Medjool Palm are the most sought after variety in the Dactylifera genus. All palm trees in the Phoenix family are considered to be prestigious. -Real Palm Trees

The Senegal

Date Palm Tree

The Senegal date palm tree is an African native were you’ll find it growing on the banks of rivers.

It can go without water only short periods of time so keep this in mind in your landscaping.  

It thrives in all types of soil as long as there’s a high mix of organic matter in it to help with some water retention.

No insect pest problems but can be slightly susceptible to lethal yellowing.

You can start these guys indoors if you have adequate light.

When you move them outside allow several suckers to develop at different times.

This will give you a multi layer visual experience.  

A popular landscape choice because of their glossy green leaves.

They can make a great a privacy screen.

Quick info: Senegal date

  • scientific name Phoenix reclinata
  • 50 ft plus tall, 35 ft wide and multi trunk
  • Minimum temp 28°F   zones 9-11
  • Growth: medium to fast
  • Full sun-water usage medium to high

Senegal Date Palm - Seeds

Date Palm v. Deglet Noor - Large Palm Tree - $1,399.95

This date palm tree is more commonly referred to by it's variety name, Deglet Noor. It's long botanical name is Phoenix Dactylifera Deglet Noor. Phoenix is the species, Dactylifera is the genus, and Deglet Noor is the Variety. This palm is also scientifically spelled and referenced as Phoenix dactylifera v. deglet noor; notice the lower case v. Variety is noted with a lower case v. and a period to identify Variety. There are many varieties in the genus, for example the True Date, Barhi, Medjool, and Zahidi. The Deglet Noor and Medjool Palm are the most sought after variety in the Dactylifera genus. All palm trees in the Phoenix family are considered to be prestigious. -Real Palm Trees

Silver Date Palm Tree

Date Palm Tree with Fruit

This tree goes by the other names of Toddy Palm or Wild date and the Sylvester  date palm as well.

A single forming trunk with silvery blue to bluish green leaves may be just what you are looking for in your landscape.

It is often used in place of the Canary island date variety because of its smaller size.

Only mildly drought tolerant it will thrive with regular water and food.  As long as there’s good drainage and the soil isn’t too alkaline or too acidic it will do well.

They can be somewhat prone to lethal yellowing and fusarium wilt but there are no insect pests to be concerned about.

Sylvester Date Palm Tree - Medium

Quick info: Silver/Sylvester date

scientific name Phoenix sylvestris

  • 50-60 ft tall, 25 ft wide and has a single trunk
  • Minimum temp 25°F   zones 9-11
  • Growth rate: medium
  • Full sun and drought tolerant for short periods

Making sure your female trees are pollinated is an important part of ensuring you have a good quantity and quality in your fruit yield. Here's an informative article covering the topic.

Your Ultimate Palm Tree Handbook

Now you have a choice of what kind of date palm tree to plant:

One clumping and blue/silver leaves

One clumping and glossy green leaves

One solitary with blue/silver/green leaves.

Just to complicate matters there are 2 other date palms that are landscape beauties.

The Canary Island - the majestic looking king of the family.

The pygmy date palm which is the cute little cousin.

They are so popular it was a must for them to have their own pages.

Click the links to find out all about them there.



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Other articles you may find useful:

For more ideas on possible indoor palm types check out small varietiesmedium or large kinds for backyard landscapes see and cold hardy types for the those of us who have to suffer thru winter.

Indoor palms lists the easiest kinds to grow in your home or office year round.

Identification shows what parts of the tree to look at in making a determination of species.

Lanscaping gives you some ideas on the best placements for specific trees in your yard.

Fertilizing will explain how to read the label, what the numbers mean, plus where and how much to use.

Care covers the basics while pruning shows how much and what to prune.

Planting will show you the best practices for getting your tropical beauties off to the best possible start.

Growing shows the plant hardiness zones, explains the different soil types and other commonly used gardening terminology.


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